Many problems stem from early experiences that influence present emotions, behaviors, and experiences. Whether the problem originates from attitudes and behaviors from others such as bullying, or complex trauma and other related disorders the brain will pattern negative and maladaptive thinking based on those life events. Jennifer helps you unravel the complicated stories that reveal where those patterns of negative thinking and beliefs started, and how they influence your life in the present and future. That detailed history informs a treatment plan, which will tackle the root problem or a series of problems. Jennifer prefers to use a therapy called eye movement desensitization and reprocessing (EMDR). EMDR is the most highly studied therapy next to cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT); however, the success rate and efficacy of EMDR is much higher than CBT. EMDR does not require homework like CBT, and EMDR treatment is usually much shorter. As EMDR therapists, we know EMDR works because studies using MRI show once the big “t” or small “t” trauma is resolved, the triggering issues no longer light up in the “fright-flight” region of the brain. EMDR moves trauma from the trigger region of the brain to the memory region where it sits as a mere memory. The process by which that is possible is the use of bilateral eye movement and/or other kinesthetic stimulation, which replicates rapid eye movement during the sleep cycle (REM). REM is a period in the sleep cycle where thoughts and memories are reorganized and processed. Similarly, bilateral eye movements provide access to the trauma memories while you are completely awake and conscious of the room; EMDR therapists call that “dual attention”. Bilateral eye movements do the work for you without having to dig up the details of the actual event that cause the trauma. All you need is A brief image of the worst part of the event, and with bilateral eye movements, the brain starts reprocessing those maladaptive memories so they can join with adaptive memories that allow you to think more positively about your life.